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Honey – Nature’s Golden Nectar

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Honey – Nature’s Golden Nectar

Since ancient times, the Greeks and many others such as the Egyptians, Sumerians, Babylonians, and Romans had included honey in their diets as an excellent remedy.
The journey from the bee to the glass begins with the nectar that the bees collect from the flowers and the secretions of forest plants or insects. The enzymes in their saliva break down sucrose into glucose and fructose, which are stored in the honeycombs to feed the beehive in winter. In the honeycomb, the excess water evaporates due to the constant ventilation of the bees’ wings. The resulting thick, sticky liquid is what we know as honey.
Depending on the plant of origin, honey has a different taste, a different color, a different aroma and a different ratio of ingredients. Greek honey is due to its rich flora with 1,300 endemic plants, an excellent variety of flowers, herbs and trees that provide a unique quality and taste in honey. In terms of quality and taste, they are among the best in the world. The main types are thyme honey, pine honey, blossom honey, rye honey, cotton honey, spruce honey, oak honey, chestnut honey, citrus honey, sunflower honey and heather honey.

Honey is the most nutritious natural sweetener and has a great biological nutritional value. Its main nutrients are carbohydrates (75-80%) (glucose and fructose), water (20-25%), proteins, B-, C-, K-vitamins, amino acids, enzymes, trace elements (calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc). Some varieties of honey contain much more carbohydrates such as: B. Flower honey, rapeseed honey and acacia honey (80-90g sugar/100g). Oak honey and some varieties of pine honey are slightly less (70-80g sugar/100g).

In terms of calories, a spoonful of honey equals about 21 g contains 64 calories, while the corresponding amount of sugar contains 84 calories.

Other beneficial properties of honey.
– The carbohydrates it contains provide our body with immediate energy and stimulation and at the same time promote memory.
– Has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties.
– Contributes to the proper functioning of the digestive system and good blood circulation.
– Regulates metabolism and blood pressure and is good for the heart.
– It is an excellent anti-cough medicine.
– Reduces the symptoms and duration of the common cold due to the flavonoids and phenolic acid it contains.
– Helps with oral and gum hygiene.
– The amount of hemoglobin increases with the consumption of honey mainly due to its content of copper and iron, which is of organic origin and is therefore 100% absorbed by our body.
– Due to its ability to absorb and retain water in its molecules, it is used as a beauty elixir and is considered an excellent food for the skin, especially for dry and dehydrated skin. In addition, its antioxidant ingredients fight free radicals, which are responsible for premature aging, among other things.

References and studies:

Honey for treatment of cough in children
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4264806/                                                                                                    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6513626/

Honey: its medicinal property and antibacterial activity
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609166/

Phenolic Compounds in Honey and Their Associated Health Benefits: A Review
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225430/

Honey, Propolis, and Royal Jelly: A Comprehensive Review of Their Biological Actions and Health Benefits
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5549483/

Bioactivity of Greek honey extracts on breast cancer (MCF7), prostate cancer (PC3) and endometrial cancer (Ishikawa) cells: Profile analysis of extracts
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248510805_Bioactivity_of_Greek_honey_extracts_on_breast_cancer_MCF7_prostate_cancer_PC3_and_endometrial_cancer_Ishikawa_cells_Profile_analysis_of_extracts

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